Phobia in children
A phobia is a constant fear to an animal, object, activity or place that often seems to have no logical reasons. Is a disorder that affects up to 10% of the population and is produced from an anxiety disorder or by exposure to some stimulus that triggers fear?
But how the phobia can manifest in children? Naturally small feel fear at certain situations such as being near a spider, past a dog, listening to a storm or having to sit an examination. But the phobia is different.
In this case the fear is extreme, to the point that prevents the child (unconsciously) exposure to any situation that can function as a trigger of his greatest fears.
No one knows for certain what causes phobia, some experts suggest that this could be a genetic issue, while others argue that this is because the child may have suffered some traumatic event that is what triggers the phobia .
There are different types of phobias, a very common social phobia. For this child may be afraid of having to talk to a teacher, going to a birthday, or do anything that can be very simple as reading aloud. Another of the most common phobia is agoraphobia, which is the fear that occurs when you have to go to places that are difficult or uncomfortable to go out, in this case seeks to avoid situations where a lot of people.
In the U.S., 5 in 100 people suffer from some type of phobia, and it began during his childhood.
It is recommended that once the adults around the child note that this may be a victim of an excessive fear of certain situations see a doctor. There are medications for anxiety, and in extreme cases there are antidepressants that can help treat it.
But in the first instance you can perform a systematic desensitization; sewn for this technique in making the child begins to see how other people face the object of his phobia, such as the relationship with dogs. That is, imagine and dichromatic components of your phobia.
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