What to do in a heat wave

Heat wave are quite insufferable, they come without warning and can complicate our day by day. The most common symptom is exhaustion and tiredness. We must know how to treat it and know how to act before it.

Next, we tell you what are the symptoms of heatwaves, what are the preventive measures that we have to keep in mind and the risk factors. Keep reading that we tell you!

We must take into account not only the degrees marked by the thermometer but also our health throughout the hottest days of summer. Heat exhaustion is characterized by having a high body temperature without reaching 40º C.

The most prone climates are those where moisture accumulates and high temperatures are maintained for many consecutive days.

Heat exhaustion can lead to a “heat stroke”, a much more serious picture that if left unchecked can even cause death in people with low defenses or who have a lower state of health.

Symptoms of a heat wave

Having a slight heat wave can be detected by the symptoms they present. These symptoms can go unnoticed and makes the person not detect that heat wave. Next, we tell you what the most common symptoms are:

  • In a physical examination, the body temperature stays below 40 ° C.
  • Suffer sweating
  • Muscle weakness
  • The malaise in general.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Accelerated pulse or tachycardia.
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and get to vomit.
  • Headache and migraines.
  • Having urine with a darker tone due to dehydration.
  • Sudden low tension

Why do heat waves affect us physically?

This phenomenon occurs whenever our body tries to regulate body temperature through sweat, but does not get it and runs out. Large amounts of electrolytes such as sodium or potassium are lost through sweat, causing annoying cramping and tachycardia.

The best therapy to never suffer a heat wave is prevention; so many companies must pay attention to their air conditioning system so that workers are not in danger and can perform their functions correctly.

Ideally, in work spaces, the temperature is always between 17º and 27º, if it is below or above, there is a risk of not being well.

Aggravating to suffer a heat wave

  • Obesity.
  • Cardiac disorders
  • Medication: antibiotics, anticonvulsants, antihistamines, vasoconstrictors.
  • Drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines.
  • Athletes who exercise in the central hours of the day, when it’s hotter.
  • Small children.
  • Old people.

How to prevent the heat wave

  • Wear light clothes, nothing tight and with light colors.
  • Cover the head with caps, umbrellas or hats.
  • Protect with high protection sun cream.
  • Drink water constantly.
  • Always replenish the electrolytes, therefore, drink isotonic drinks rich in sugars and salts.
  • Reduce the intake of caffeine, coffee or caffeinated beverages.
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Do not do sports in the sun for many hours without protecting us.
  • We have to prevent children, adults or pets from spending a lot of time in the sun, they could suffer heat stroke and heat stroke.
  • Protect yourself in places where they have air conditioning, terraces or places in the shade.

What to do if we suffer from a heat wave

If the symptoms arise you can perform the following steps to avoid feeling bad or cause the body to get worse:

  • Find a cool place in the shade.
  • Drink liquid to recover.
  • You can lie on the floor and raise your legs to facilitate blood circulation.
  • Take a shower or bath in the pool or sea.
  • These symptoms disappear within three days.

If you suffer a heat wave, contact emergency services or see a doctor. Do not overlook it; your health may be at risk.

Read ALso: What your skin needs once it is exposed to the sun

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